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2012-01-17
Marcin Skulimowski
PHYSO, the Physical Sciences Ontology, is an ontology for describing general concepts and relations of physical sciences.
PHYSO: Physical Sciences Ontology
Version 1.1
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
analogy to
It expresses analogy between two resources.
application of
It expresses the fact that one entity is an application of another entity.
application to
It expresses the fact that one entity is applied to another entity.
applied to
collected through
condition for
conforms to
consequence of
consists of
A scientific theory consists of some elements.
constructed from
construction of
criterion for
element of
example of
experimental technique for obtaining
explains
A scientific theory is constructed to conform to available empirical data about such observations, and is put forth as a principle or body of principles for explaining a class of phenomena.
expressed as
feature of
for the case of
formula for
generalizes
One element of a theory is a generalization of another element
has assumption
has formulation
has mathematical framework
has property
has relationship with
interpretation of
interpreted as
mathematical expression for
method for avoiding
method for obtaining
modification of
observation made in
Observation is made in some experiment
obtained from
problem description
problem with
property of
solution based on
solution to
special case of
consistent with
Two elements (statements) of the theory are consistent if they do not contradict each other.
inconsistent with
application
The way of applying to a particular purpose or use
assumption
An assumption is not tesable or questionable statement (proposition, elelement) of the theory.
concept
A general idea or notion that corresponds to some class of entities and that consists of the characteristic or essential features of the class.
condition
Any kind of an assumption on which rests the validity or effect of something else.
construction
The way in which something (e.g. some element of the theory) is built (obtained, created) or put together.
criterion
A defining characteristic of something.
effect
A phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenon.
empirical data
Empirical data is data produced by an experiment or observation.
experiment
Experiment is the step in the scientific method that arbitrates between competing models or hypotheses.
experimental problem
experimental technique
feature
A prominent attribute or aspect of something.
formalism
interpretation
mathematical equation
An equation is a mathematical statement that asserts the equality of two mathematical expressions.
mathematical expression
A mathematical expression is a finite combination of symbols that are well-formed according to the rules applicable in the context at hand. Symbols can designate values (constants), variables, operations, relations, or can constitute punctuation or other syntactic entities. Expression cannot contain an equals sign.
mathematical framework
method
model
A model represents empirical objects, phenomena, and physical processes in a logical and objective way. It is simplified reflections of reality, but despite their inherent falsity, they are nevertheless extremely useful reflections of reality.
mathematical model
A mathematical model is a description of a system using mathematical language.
observation
Observation is either an activity of a living being (such as a human), consisting of receiving knowledge of the outside world through the senses, or the recording of data using scientific instruments.
principle
A principle is a law or rule that has to be followed.
problem
A contradictory situation that arises in the form of opposing views to the explanation of any given phenomenon, object, or process and that requires an adequate theory for its solution.
process
A method or event that results in a transformation in a physical object or substance.
property
A quality, attribute, or distinctive feature of something.
scientific theory element
scientific law
A scientific law or scientific principle is a concise verbal or mathematical statement of a relation that expresses a fundamental principle of science.
scientific theory
A scientific theory comprises a collection of concepts, including abstractions of observable phenomena expressed as quantifiable properties, together with rules (called scientific laws) that express relationships between observations of such concepts. A scientific theory is constructed to conform to available empirical data about such observations, and is put forth as a principle or body of principles for explaining a class of phenomena.
solution
A method for solving a problem.
theorem
A theorem is a statement that has been proven on the basis of previously established statements, such as other theorems, and previously accepted statements, such as axioms.
theoretical problem
theory formulation
mathematical formula
An equation expressing a definite fixed relationship between certain quantities. The quantities are usually expressed by letters, and their relationship is indicated by algebraic symbols.